About PannaPanna city is located in the north-eastern part of Madhya Pradesh State and forms the the headquarters of Panna district. Famous across the world for its diamond mines, it is also called as the "City of Diamonds". The beautiful city of Panna is dotted with lush evergreen trees, rocky hills & gushing waterfalls making it a must-visit place. The city with its religious temples, ancient historical monuments & wildlife sanctuaries attracts a number of visitors every year.
Mahendra Bhawan Palace - Panna
Some of the famous tourist attractions of Panna city include Panna National Park, Swami Pran Nath Temple, Shri Baldeoji Temple, Pandav Fall, Ajaygarh Fort, etc. Besides the tourist places the city has a bustling markets, glitzy shopping malls & cinema halls and best in class restaurants & hotels thus offering a complete holiday package to the visitors. A well-developed transportation system connects Panna to different parts of the country thus making it very easy to reach this amazing city. So plan a trip to this a city of natural beauty and eternal serenity and have a memorable time.
History of PannaThe history of Panna dates back to hundreds of years and showcases the glorious past of the region. Resonant with the magnificence of royal dynasties, fierce battles & the struggle for independence, the district of Panna in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh has innumerable tales to narrate. The earliest reference of Panna district is found in religious epics like Ramayana and Indian Puranas. As mentioned in the Vishnu & Bhavishya Purana the ancient name of Panna district was Padmawati-Puri, but in Valmiki Ramayana it was called as Kilkila-Khand by Sugreev, while in Shrimad Bhagwat the city was named as Kilkila Pradesh.
Originally a Gond Tribe settlement till the thirteenth century, the present day Panna district was formed out of the princely states of Ajaigarh and Panna. It gained importance when Raja Chhatrasal Bundela made the city his capital. During the 19th century it went into the hands of Chandelas, and then became part of a princely state of British India. The then ruler Raja Nirpat Singh helped the British East India Company during the Sepoy Mutiny in 1857, as a result of which the Britishers conferred the title "Maharaja" on him. The people of Panna actively participated in During the freedom struggle and when India gained Independence Maharaja Mahendra Yadvendra Singh surrendered to the Government of India. Thus Panna District became part of the new Indian state of Vindhya Pradesh, which was later merged into Madhya Pradesh in 1956. Since then Panna city is making rapid progress in terms of infrastructure & economic development.
Geography & Climate of PannaThe City of Panna is located at 24.72°N 80.2°E, at a height of 416 metres (1420 ft) above sea level. The region has a varied topography with hilly regions as well as lush green forests. The Ken River is the major river of Bundelkhand region and passes through Panna National Park. The city like the rest of India has hot, cold & rainy season, with the region getting abundant rainfall. The average temperature ranges from 28°C to 39°C in summers and 10°C -28°C in winters and thus the best time to visit Panna city is between March to October.
Administration in PannaPanna City serves as the Administrative Headquarters of Panna district and comes under the Sagar Commissionerate of Madhya Pradesh. The city is further divided into five blocks comprising of 1048 villages, 6 towns with a total population of nearly 6,87,945 millions. The city has almost all the major State Government Offices established here so that proper delegation & execution of work can be done. The Collectorate and the Offices of the SDOs/SDMs in the Sub-Divisions looks after the day-to-day local administration of the district.
Collector & District Magistrate
Collectorate Panna, Madhya Pradesh
S. P. Panna
Art, Culture & Festivals in PannaThe handicrafts of Madhya Pradesh depict the unique culture of the state and Panna is no exception. Some of the popular crafts of the region include textile weaving, bead crafts, diamond polishing & jewellery making, bamboo craft, etc. The local craftsmen make beautiful products which can be used for utility purpose or as decorative items. The residents of the city are simple & hard-working and strongly follow their ancient customs, traditions & rituals. All major festivals like Diwali, Id, Christmas, etc. are celebrated with great zeal and fervour in Panna City in a spirit of harmony & brotherhood. Hindi being the official language is spoken by most of the people but other languages like English, Bundeli, Marathi, are also quiet popular here.
Cuisine of PannaPanna is a food-lovers delight with the region offering many mouth-watering authentic dishes which are savoured with equal delight both by the residents and tourist coming to the city. The cuisine of Panna includes both vegetarian and non-vegetarian dishes which are cooked following traditional recipes which have been passed down through generations. Some of the popular dishes of Panna are Kebabs, Bhutte Ki Kees, Mawa-Bati, Khoprapak & Malpua which are prepared using fresh & locally available ingredients. A number of Restaurants, eating joints & dhabbas can be are present in Panna city where one can enjoy the culinary wonders the city has to offer.
Tourism in Panna
Panna National Park
Shopping in PannaFree from all the sightseeing, it is time to do some shopping; there are numerous markets, weekly haats & malls spread across Panna city where one can shop to their heart’s content. Famous for its unique textile products and beautiful diamonds Panna is truly a shopper’s paradise. One can shop for everything in the markets of Panna from daily needs items, to beautiful handicrafts & souvenirs and have a gala time.
Economy of PannaThe main economy of Panna region is based on diamond mining which provides livelihood to the residents of the city. Extending over an area of nearly 240 kms in the Vindhya Range is a group of diamond deposits known as the Panna group. As per the historian Valentine Ball it is said Jean-Baptiste Tavernier, was the first European who visited the mines. During 1860s the most productive mines were located around 32 kms from Panna in the Sakaria region. Presently located Mines in the interiors of Panna district, the Diamond mines come under the Diamond Mining Project of National Mineral Development Corporation (NMDC Ltd,) of Government of India. Great pits nearly 25 feet in diameter and about 30 feet in depth, are dug to reach the diamond deposits. Once the diamonds are extracted they are collected by the District Magistrate of Panna; in the month of January they are auctioned to both the general public & diamond merchants. There are mainly four categories of Panna diamonds Manik, with a faint orange tint, Motichul, clear and brilliant, Panna, with a green tint and Bunsput which is sepia coloured. A majority of the population in Panna is thus engaged in the Diamond Mining industry working as labourers, traders, merchants, etc.
Transportation in Panna
Khajuraho Railway Station
Panna at a glanceState: Madhya Pradesh
Languages Spoken: Hindi, English, Bundeli, Marathi
Altitude: 416 metres (1420 ft)
Pin Code: 488333
Winter Temperature: 10°C -28°C
Summer Temperature: 25°C to 41°C
Best Time to Visit: October to March
STD Code: +91 7732
Major Tourist Attractions: Panna Tiger Reserve and National Park, Swami Pran Nath Temple, Shri Baldeoji Temple, Pandav Fall, Jugal Kishoreji Temple, Ajaygarh Fort, National Museum and the Kalinjar Fort, Diamond Mines, etc.
Major Festivals: Diwali, Id, Holi, Christmas etc.
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